This is a set of well-explained 30 Biology Questions with short answers for WASSCE students. All candidates preparing for the General Science paper should try to solve these questions and also revise the answers provided. This can help solve objective test questions
Biology Questions with short answers for WASSCE Students – SET 1
What is the cell theory?
Answer: The cell theory states that all living organisms are composed of one or more cells, and that the cell is the basic unit of life.
What is the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
Answer: Prokaryotic cells lack a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles, while eukaryotic cells have a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
What is mitosis?
Answer: Mitosis is the process by which a cell divides into two daughter cells, each with an identical set of chromosomes.
What is meiosis?
Answer: Meiosis is the process by which a cell divides into four daughter cells, each with half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell.
What is DNA replication?
Answer: DNA replication is the process by which a cell makes a copy of its DNA before cell division.
What is transcription?
Answer: Transcription is the process by which DNA is converted into RNA.
What is translation?
Answer: Translation is the process by which RNA is converted into protein.
Biology Questions with short answers for WASSCE students – SET 2
What is a mutation?
Answer: A mutation is a change in the DNA sequence that can lead to genetic variation.
What is the difference between heterozygous and homozygous?
Answer: Heterozygous refers to having two different alleles of a gene, while homozygous refers to having two identical alleles of a gene.
What is natural selection?
Answer: Natural selection is the process by which organisms with advantageous traits are more likely to survive and reproduce.
What is an ecosystem?
Answer: An ecosystem is a community of living organisms and their physical environment.
What is a food chain?
Answer: A food chain is a sequence of organisms in an ecosystem in which each organism is the food of the next.
What is the difference between a food chain and a food web?
Answer: A food chain is a linear sequence of organisms, while a food web is a complex network of interconnected food chains.
What is a trophic level?
Answer: A trophic level is a level in a food chain or web defined by an organism’s position in the chain and its source of energy.
What is biodiversity?
Answer: Biodiversity is the variety of life in an ecosystem.
What is the greenhouse effect?
Answer: The greenhouse effect is the warming of the Earth’s surface due to the trapping of heat by greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
What is photosynthesis?
Answer: Photosynthesis is the process by which plants convert sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water into glucose and oxygen.
What is respiration?
Answer: Respiration is the process by which organisms break down glucose to release energy.
What is an enzyme?
Answer: An enzyme is a protein that catalyzes chemical reactions in the body.
What is metabolism?
Answer: Metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms to maintain life.
What is an adaptation?
Answer: Adaptation is a characteristic that helps an organism survive and reproduce in its environment.
What is a species?
Answer: A species is a group of organisms that can interbreed to produce fertile offspring.
What is an ecosystem service?
Answer: An ecosystem service is a benefit that humans derive from the natural environment, such as clean water or air.
What is an endangered species?
Answer: An endangered species is a species at risk of extinction due to low population size or habitat loss.
We hope these Biology Questions with short answers for WASSCE students helped you revise.